Code for Reducing Pollution
Environment on the whole in
Bangladesh is worst affected. There is air pollution, noise pollution and smoke
pollution emitted from vehicles causing health hazards.
What we see today is total
apathy to concern for a better environment.
When we have a look at Sweden
we perceive that Swedes are not only environmentally conscious to preserve
nature but they have a much closer relationship with nature.
In this regard, Swedes are fond
of mentioning the night of common access, a right that was established way back
in the 13th century, which makes it possible for everyone to have
limited access to private land. As long as one shows consideration towards the
owner of the land and avoid damaging or violating the landowner's rights by
disturbing the peace of his home, there is nothing to prevent you from stopping
a while at some nice spot or having a swim in a lake.
This right has been regarded as
unique in Sweden. Still the Swedes love for nature was not created by a decree
– it was perhaps facilitated by it --- but from the privilege of having a vast
country with less inhabitants and of having an easy access to nature, be it in
central Stockholm or in a forest.
It is learnt that even in
Stockholm, no one is more than 20 minutes away from leafy parks or more than 10
minutes from water. The city’s waters are good for swimming because of the
hard efforts to protect the water from pollution. But it is to the Stockholm
archipelago that the Stockholm archipelago that the Stockholmers love to set out
for when they want leisure and relaxation. There are some 25,000 islands in all,
making Stockholm’s archipelago the largest in the world.
The great concern for the
nature and the environment is also reflected in Sweden’s political life.
Sweden actually took the initiative for the first international environmental
conference held in Stockholm in 1972.
Today, it is well-known that
environmental issues affect all aspects of society, from large production
systems to the lifestyle of individuals. In Sweden the control of urban and
industrial pollution has gone a long way.
“We don’t own the
earth—have borrowed it from our children” is the fundamental motto of
Swedish environmental policy.
Its overall objectives are:
Creating an environmentally oriented society that protect human health,
preserving biological diversity, managing natural resources in a sustainable way
and protecting valuable natural and cultural landscape. The next step is to move
towards issues concerning products, for instance, recycling and waste
minimisation as well as infrastructure and life style of the Swedes.
The challenge is to reduce the
pollution from products and the agricultural and transport sectors. With their
love for their environment, the Swedish consumers have given impetus to the
producers to meet their demands for more environmentally sound products so that
an ecologically sustainable society is established.
The Swedes also have support to
their environmental concerns in the new Environmental Code that came into force
on January 1,1999.
It was enacted in order to make
the environmental legislation easier to comprehend. Now all rules on how an
operation harmful to the environment should be counteracted under only one
The new code also places some
fundamental requirements on all kings of environmentally destructive operations,
thus enlarging the scrutiny into areas that were not regulated before.
In principle the code applies
to all human activities that may harm the environment and applies to everything
from major projects, such as building and operating hydro-electricity plants or
motor ways, to small individual measures, such as washing a car with detergents
or composting household waste. An all encompassing set of rules to protect the
Look at what we in Bangladesh
are doing to protect our flora and fauna. Virtually we have done nothing. We are
taking half hearted measures and indulging in high sounding rhetorics only to
please environmentally concerned people.
We are in the midst of all
sorts of environmental pollution and there is no hope for any improvement. The
growing slums, heaps of garbage dumped on road side, black poisonous smoke
emitting from vehicles, overflowing drainage, welding shops on road sides and no
less is noise pollution having adverse effects on health.
We should learn from Swedish
concern for the environment and try to study their Environmental Code.
The gravity of the situation
demands radical change in the environment policy to adapt to our prevailing
Environmental scientists must
be taken into confidence to formulated a viable environmental policy need based
in nature and content to tide over the urgent and serious environmental issues
bedeviling the nation.
Involvement of private sector
in mitigating the sufferings of the people because of environmental pollution is
very much desirable at this juncture, This is for the reason that the government
with its own priorities have overlooked environmental problems. If private
sector acts as a supplementary force and an effective partner then there is a
glimmer of hope that we can tackle the chronic environmental issues in a much
better and sustainable manner.
In order to rid the country of
environmental pollution, now taking a menacing term a consensus on short and
long-term measures have become imperative. The ministry of environment must be
made accountable and a team of seasoned environmental experts appointed to
render technical advice to the ministry to make our environment free from all
Source: The Financial Express, July 26,2001